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    2004 WADA Prohibited List



Adverse Analytical Finding:  A report from a laboratory or other approved Testing entity that identifies in a Specimen the presence of a Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers (including elevated quantities of endogenous substances) or evidence of the Use of a Prohibited Method.

Anti-Doping Organisation:  A Signatory to the Code that is responsible for adopting rules for initiating, implementing or enforcing any part of the Doping Control process.

Attempt:  Purposely engaging in conduct that constitutes a substantial step in a course of conduct planned to culminate in the commission of an anti-doping rule violation. Provided, however, there shall be no anti-doping rule violation based solely on an Attempt to commit a violation if the Person renunciates the attempt prior to it being discovered by a third party not involved in the Attempt.

Code:  The World Anti-Doping Code.

Competition:  A series of individual Events conducted together under one ruling body. Also, the act of participating in an Event.

Competitor:  Any Person who participates in sport at the international level or national level.

Competitor Support Personnel:  Any coach, trainer, manager, agent, team staff, official, medical or para-medical personnel working with or treating Competitors participating in or preparing for sports Competition.

Consequences of Anti-Doping Rules Violations:  A Competitor's or other Person's violation of an anti-doping rule may result in one or more of the following:

(a) Disqualification means the Competitor’s results in a particular Competition or Event are invalidated, with all resulting consequences including forfeiture of any medals, points and prizes;

(b) Ineligibility means the Competitor or other Person is barred for a specified period of time from participating in any Competition or other activity or funding as provided in Article 10.9 of the Code; and

(c) Provisional Suspension means the Competitor or other Person is barred temporarily from participating in any Competition prior to the final decision at a hearing conducted under Article 8 of the Code (Right to a Fair Hearing).

Disqualification:  See Consequences of Anti-Doping Rules Violations above.

Doping Control:  The process including test distribution planning, Sample collection and handling, laboratory analysis, results management, hearings and appeals.

Event:  A single race, match, game or singular athletic contest.

In-Competition:  For purposes of differentiating between In-Competition and Out-of-Competition Testing, an In-Competition test is a test where a Competitor is selected for Testing in connection with a specific Competition.

Ineligibility:  See Consequences of Anti-Doping Rules Violations above.

International Event:  An Event where the International Olympic Committee, FINA, a Major Event Organisation, or another international sport organisation is the ruling body for the Competition or appoints the technical officials for the Competition.

International-Level Competitor:  Competitors designated by the FINA as being within its Registered Testing Pool.

International Standard:  A standard adopted by WADA in support of the Code. Compliance with an International Standard (as opposed to another alternative standard, practice or procedure) shall be sufficient to conclude that the procedures addressed by the International Standard were performed properly.

Major Event Organisations:  This term refers to the continental Associations of National Olympic Committees and other international multi-sport organisations that function as the ruling body for any continental, regional or other International Event.

Marker:  A compound, group of compounds or biological parameters that indicates the Use of a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method.

Member Federation:  A national or regional entity recognized by the FINA as the entity governing the FINA's sport in that nation or region.

Metabolite:  Any substance produced by a biotransformation process.

Minor:  A natural Person who has not reached the age of majority as established by the applicable laws of his or her country of residence.

National Anti-Doping Organisation:  The entity(ies) designated by each country as possessing the primary authority and responsibility to adopt and implement anti-doping rules, direct the collection of Samples, the management of test results, and the conduct of hearings, all at the national level.

No Advance Notice:  A Doping Control which takes place with no advance warning to the Competitor and where the Competitor is continuously chaperoned from the moment of notification through Sample provision.

No Fault or Negligence:  The Competitor's establishing that he or she did not know or suspect, and could not reasonably have known or suspected even with the exercise of utmost caution, that he or she had Used or been administered the Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method.

No Significant Fault or Negligence:  The Competitor's establishing that his or her fault or negligence, when viewed in the totality of the circumstances and taking into account the criteria for No Fault or Negligence, was not significant in relationship to the anti-doping rule violation.

Out-of-Competition:  Any Doping Control which is not In-Competition.

Participant:  Any Competitor or Competitor Support Personnel.

Person:  A natural Person or an organisation or other entity.

Possession:  The actual, physical possession, or the constructive possession (which shall be found only if the person has exclusive control over the Prohibited Substance/Method or the premises in which a Prohibited Substance/Method exists); provided, however, that if the person does not have exclusive control over the Prohibited Substance/Method or the premises in which a Prohibited Substance/Method exists, constructive possession shall only be found if the person knew about the presence of the Prohibited Substance/Method and intended to exercise control over it. Provided, however, there shall be no anti-doping rule violation based solely on possession if, prior to receiving notification of any kind that the Person has committed an anti-doping rule violation, the Person has taken concrete action demonstrating that the Person no longer intends to have Possession and has renounced the Person's previous Possession.

Prohibited List:  The List identifying the Prohibited Substances and Prohibited Methods.

Prohibited Method:  Any method so described on the Prohibited List.

Prohibited Substance:  Any substance so described on the Prohibited List.

Provisional Hearing:  For purposes of FINA's Doping Control Rules [see Article DC 7.12], an expedited abbreviated hearing occurring prior to a hearing [see Article DC 8 (Right to a Fair Hearing)] that provides the Competitor with notice and an opportunity to be heard in either written or oral form.

Provisional Suspension:  See Consequences above.

Registered Testing Pool:  The pool of Competitors, established by FINA, that is subject to both In-Competition and Out-of-Competition Testing.

Sample/Specimen:  Any biological material collected for the purposes of Doping Control.

Tampering:  Altering for an improper purpose or in an improper way; bringing improper influence to bear; interfering improperly to alter results or prevent normal procedures from occurring.

Target Testing:  Selection of Competitors for Testing where specific Competitors or groups of Competitors are selected on a non-random basis for Testing at a specified time.

Testing:  The parts of the Doping Control process involving test distribution planning, Sample collection, Sample handling, and Sample transport to the laboratory.

Trafficking:  To sell, give, administer, transport, send, deliver or distribute a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method to a Competitor either directly or through one or more third parties, but excluding the sale or distribution (by medical personnel or by Persons other than a Competitor's Support Personnel) of a Prohibited Substance for genuine and legal therapeutic purposes.

Use:  The application, ingestion, injection or consumption by any means whatsoever of any Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method.

WADA:  The World Anti-Doping Agency.


The Introduction to the Code states that "The purposes of the World Anti-Doping Programme and the Code are:
  • To protect the Athletes' fundamental right to participate in doping free-sport and thus promote health, fairness and equality for Athletes worldwide; and

  • To ensure harmonised, coordinated and effective anti-doping programs at the international and national level with regard to detection, deterrence and prevention of doping."

The main elements of the World Anti-Doping Program are:

Level 1:   The Code. This is the fundamental and universal document at the heart of the World Anti-Doping Program in sport, harmonising all of the core anti-doping elements.

Level 2:   International Standards. The purpose of these documents is harmonisation among the Anti-Doping Organisations responsible for the different technical and operational areas within the anti-doping programme. Adherence to the International Standards is mandatory for Anti-Doping Organisations like FINA and the Bahamas Olympic Association to comply with the Code. International Standards would include the detailed requirements for Sample collection, laboratory analysis, and laboratory accreditation as developed by experts.

Level 3:   Models of Best Practice. WADA will prepare these documents as model anti-doping rules and regulations based on the Code [including references to International Standards], and tailored to the needs of International Federations for individual sports, International Federations for team sports, National Anti-Doping Organisations, etc.

All BSF Competitors must familiarise themselves with their rights and responsibilities regarding anti-doping. Throughout the following pages, they will find specific information describing these rights and responsibilities. At a minimum, each Competitor is responsible for ensuring that he or she:

  • Is aware of, and complies with, the FINA and BOA Anti-Doping Rules.
  • Knows what substances and methods are prohibited by WADA.
  • Advises their doctor or pharmacist that they are competitive Swimmers and subject to doping control, so that the doctor or pharmacist can prescribe or provide an alternative that does not contain a Prohibited Substance.
  • Is responsible for anything that he or she ingests. Consequently, each Competitor must ensure the suitability of prescription and over-the-counter medications, or nutritional supplements.
  • Is appropriately prepared and conditioned for competition, without doping or misusing medications.
Download the new FINA Doping Control Rules in PDF format   (490kb)    


Each BSF Competitor is responsible for knowing what is on the Prohibited List. Why? Because, depending on location, they are subject to Doping Control by any one of a number of other organisations, including:

  • FINA
  • the BOA
  • the BSF
  • the International Olympic Committee
  • WADA
  • another National Anti-Doping Organisation
  • ASUA
  • CCCAN or
  • Major Games Organisations, such as Commonwealth Games, all continental championships, etc.

Both FINA’s and the BOA's Anti-Doping Rules incorporate the Prohibited List as published and revised annually by WADA. [The most current Prohibited List is available on WADA's website at www.wada-ama.org]. The Prohibited List identifies those Prohibited Substances and Prohibited Methods that are prohibited as doping [both In-Competition and Out-of-Competition] because of their potential to enhance a Competitor's performance in future Competitions or their masking potential, and those substances and methods that are prohibited In-Competition only. The Prohibited List may include Prohibited Substances and Prohibited Methods by general category [e.g., anabolic agents] or by specific reference to a particular substance or method.

Unless the Prohibited List or any subsequent revisions state otherwise, the Prohibited List and any revisions thereto become effective under the FINA Anti-Doping Rules three (3) months after WADA publishes the Prohibited List, without requiring any further action by FINA. WADA published the Prohibited List for 2004 on 1st October, 2003, and it becomes effective for FINA and all other International Federations on 1st January, 2004. On the recommendation of FINA’s Doping Control Review Board [DCRB], the FINA Bureau may request WADA to expand the Prohibited List, particularly for the aquatic sports.

No Competitor or any other Person may challenge WADA’s determination of the Prohibited Substances and Prohibited Methods included on the Prohibited List, which is final.

Download the 2004 WADA Prohibited List in PDF format   (90kb)  : 


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